Cognitive training of executive function in the elderly

  • 作成日:2014年02月19日 最終更新日:2014年02月19日
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データジャケットの題名 Cognitive training of executive function in the elderly
データの所在・所有者 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3173828/
データ収集方法やコスト The data was collected by monitors of the experiment. Elderly participants were tested and trained individually.
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データの分析・シミュレーションについて

データの種類 テキスト 数値
データの変数(パラメーター)の変数名 TEST SCORES|BIO DATA|PARTICIPANT IDENTITY|TRAINING PERFORMANCE
データの概要説明 The data set contains pre-training and post-training measures of cognitive performance of training and controlled participants.
想定しているデータの分析・シミュレーションプロセス analysis of variance
想定しているデータの分析・シミュレーションプロセスの結果 (データ分析結果/ツールの出力/典型例など) Executive function involves the efficient and adaptive engagement of the control processes of updating, shifting and inhibition (Miyake, 2000) to guide behavior toward a goal. It is associated with decrements in many other cognitive functions due to aging (Raz, 2000; West, 1996) with itself particularly vulnerable to the effect of aging (Treitz, Heyder, & Daum, 2007). Cognitive training in the form of structural experience with executive coordination demands exhibited effective enhancement in the elderly (Hertzog, Kramer, Wilson, & Ulman, 2009). The current study was thus aimed at the development and evaluation of a training regime for executive function in the elderly. The breakfast cooking task of Craik and Bialystock (2006) was adapted into a multitasking training task in a session (pre-test vs. post-test) by group (control vs. training). In the training condition, participants constantly switched, updated and planned in order to control the cooking of several foods and concurrently performed a table-setting secondary task. Training gains were exhibited on task related measures. Transfer effect was selectively observed on the letter-number sequencing and digit symbol coding test. The cooking training produced short term increase in the efficiency of executive control processing. These effects were interpreted in terms of the process overlap between the training and the transfer tasks.
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